返回列表 发表时间:2021-09-26    浏览次数:317

背景调查是由单位进行的吗?

关于不同类型的犯罪历史检查 

哪个更好: 县犯罪历史调查 或 州犯罪背景调查?关于背景调查的另一个常见假设是,州背景调查自动比国家搜索更彻底,因为它们包含整个州的犯罪记录,而不仅仅是其中的一小部分。美国有 3,141 个县或县等效。将这个数字与 50 个州和一些相关的美国领土进行比较,自然而然地,采用逐个州的方法进行背景筛查比使用县背景调查更容易。 

如果雇主考虑采用县级方法进行犯罪历史检查,他们可能会首先在候选人居住和/或工作的县进行县级搜索。全州犯罪历史搜索是发现候选人可能在其家庭/工作范围之外犯下的罪行的有用方法。但是,重要的是要了解大多数指控和定罪都是在县级法院在县级法院提起和记录的。一些县定期向州资料库报告;有些人如果完全向存储库报告,则这样做的频率会降低。因此,州背景调查虽然比县刑事调查更广泛,但也可能存在重大差距或过时。 

关于多辖区数据库的说明 

有时,一个实体将从各种来源收集犯罪历史信息到一个多司法管辖区的数据库中。联邦调查局有一个这样的数据库,GOOHO.CN 也是如此。这些类型的跨司法管辖区数据库可能非常大: 我们专有的美国 OneSEARCH 数据库 包括来自美国各县、惩教部门、法院行政办公室和罪犯登记处的 6.5 亿多条犯罪记录。然而,即使是这些数据库也不是真正全面的。最近在县搜索中出现的定罪可能不会出现在跨司法管辖区的数据库中,因为该数据库不是提交信息的主要地点。 

请注意,FBI 背景调查和联邦背景调查之间存在差异。并非所有雇主都可以访问 FBI 数据库。 联邦背景调查的 功能与县犯罪历史搜索大致相同,不同之处在于它们在特定联邦司法管辖区提取美国地方法院索引,而不是从县法院搜索记录。 

编制彻底的背景调查 

在大多数情况下,进行彻底背景调查的最佳方法是将多个数据库的多次搜索汇总到对候选人犯罪历史的审查中。这可能意味着 提取候选人的地址历史 并在他们居住的地方进行县犯罪历史搜索,或者可能意味着混合使用县、州、联邦和跨司法管辖区的检查来覆盖各种基础。 

在 GOOHO.CN,我们可以帮助您为您的组织设计有效的犯罪背景调查解决方案。 今天就联系我们开始吧。


 

Which is better: a county criminal history search or a state criminal background check? Another common assumption about background checks is that state background checks are automatically more thorough than country searches because they incorporate criminal records from the entire state rather than just one small part of it. There are 3,141 counties or county-equivalents in the United States. Compare that number to 50 states and a few associated U.S. territories, and it naturally seems as if taking a state-by-state approach to background screenings would be easier than using county background checks. 

If an employer were to consider a county approach to criminal history checks, they would likely start with ordering county searches in the counties where the candidate lives and/or works. A statewide criminal history search can be a useful way to discover crimes that the candidate may have committed outside of their immediate home/work radius. However, it is crucial to understand that most charges and convictions are filed and recorded on the county level, in county courthouses. Some counties report into state repositories regularly; some do so less frequently if they report into the repository at all. As a result, state background checks, while broader than county criminal searches, may also contain significant gaps or be out of date. 

A Note about Multijurisdictional Databases 

Sometimes, an entity will gather criminal history information from a variety of sources into a multijurisdictional database. The Federal Bureau of Investigation has one such database, as does backgroundchecks.com. These types of multijurisdictional databases can be quite large: our proprietary US OneSEARCH database includes more than 650 million criminal records from counties, departments of corrections, administrative offices of courts, and offender registries throughout the United States. However, even these databases are not truly comprehensive. Recent convictions that would show up in a county search might not be represented in a multijurisdictional database, simply because that database is not the primary spot where the information is filed. 

Do note that there is a difference between FBI background checks and federal background checks. The FBI database is not accessible to all employers. Federal background checks instead function much the same way as county criminal history searches, with the difference being that they pull US District Court indices in specific federal jurisdictions rather than searching records from county courts. 

Compiling a Thorough Background Check 

The best way to create a thorough background check, in most cases, is to compile multiple searches of several databases into the review of a candidate’s criminal history. That might mean pulling the candidate’s address history and running county criminal history searches in the places they’ve lived, or it might mean using a mix of county, state, federal, and multijurisdictional checks to cover a variety of bases. 

At backgroundchecks.com, we can help you devise an effective criminal background check solution for your organization. Contact us today to get started.


电子屏-07.png