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TSA 背景调查包括哪些内容?

TSA(运输安全管理局)要求对人员进行广泛的背景调查,然后才能允许他们进入机场内外的禁区。2001 年 9 月 11 日之后,这些检查变得更加严格,以弥补可能危及机场安全的任何安全漏洞或  飞机 .

自 2001 年恐怖袭击以来,TSA 背景调查也已更新,以应对各种事件和安全漏洞。2015 年,在发现行李搬运工在商业航班上走私枪支后,TSA 宣布更新其人员背景调查。

TSA 背景调查非常严格,包括以下项目:

  • 指纹和指纹处理以检查 FBI 犯罪数据库和 FBI 恐怖分子观察名单

  • 重罪和  

    轻罪 

     在县、州和联邦层面进行刑事搜查

  • 检查联邦航空管理局的记录以验证飞行员执照、医疗证明等

  • 航空承运人记录审查,以确保人员已通过适当的培训过程

  • 搜索可追溯到两年前的与毒品或酒精有关的犯罪或事件

  • 驾驶历史检查以查找过去的机动车违规、执照吊销或其他危险信号

  • 社会安全号码验证以检查欺诈并验证候选人当前的居住地址

  • 许可证或证书验证,以确保候选人有资格以 TSA 批准的身份工作

  • 工人赔偿历史,以查看候选人或员工是否有工作场所事故、受伤或定居的历史

  • 参考检查以验证候选人或员工提供的信息

除了这些检查之外,TSA 于 2015 年宣布将开始使用“实时、重复的背景调查”来密切关注现有人员。这些检查有助于 TSA 了解员工记录中的最新指控和定罪。

2015 年的规则变更还意味着航空公司和机场人员在作为乘客飞行时必须通过标准的 TSA 安全检查。以前,即使乘坐私人航班,TSA 员工也可以绕过机场安检。

airplane .

TSA background checks have also been updated since the terror attacks of 2001 in response to various incidents and security breaches. In 2015, the TSA announced updates to its personnel background checks after discovering a baggage handler had been smuggling firearms aboard commercial flights.

A TSA background check is extremely rigorous and includes the following items:

  • Fingerprinting and fingerprint processing to check against FBI criminal databases and FBI terrorist watch lists

  • Felony and  

    misdemeanor 

     criminal searches at the county, state, and federal level

  • Checks of Federal Aviation Administration records to verify pilot licenses, medical certificates, and more

  • Air carrier record reviews to ensure personnel have gone through proper training processes

  • Searches for drug- or alcohol-related crimes or incidents dating back two years

  • Driving history checks in search of past motor vehicle violations, license suspensions, or other red flags

  • Social Security Number validations to check for fraud and verify a candidate’s current residential address

  • License or certificate verifications to make sure the candidate is qualified to work in a TSA-approved capacity

  • Workers compensation history to see if the candidate or employee has a history of workplace accidents, injuries, or settlements

  • Reference checks to verify information provided by the candidate or employee

In addition to these checks, the TSA announced in 2015 it would start using “real-time, recurring background checks” to keep tabs on existing personnel. These checks help the TSA catch the latest charges and convictions on an employee’s record.

The 2015 rule change also means airline and airport personnel would have to go through standard TSA security checks when flying as passengers. Previously, TSA employees could bypass airport security, even if taking a personal flight.

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