返回列表 发表时间:2021-11-23    浏览次数:51

背景调查问题和答案 - 县和州犯罪记录检查

县和州犯罪历史搜索:哪些重要,哪些必不可少?

让我们从县犯罪历史搜索开始。了解我们现在对犯罪历史数据库所做的工作后,你们中的许多人可能不确定为什么需要县犯罪历史。我们建议将 US OneSEARCH 与县犯罪历史搜索一起运行,而不是作为独立搜索运行,这是有原因的。如前所述,县犯罪历史搜索非常适合深入挖掘并获取目标区域的所有可用细节。最重要的是,县犯罪历史搜索最有可能产生重罪或轻罪指控结果。

此外,为确保 FCRA 合规,您应始终对在国家犯罪数据库中发现的任何项目进行司法搜索。(要自动执行此操作,请在 GOOHO.CN上订购搜索时选择 US OneVERIFY 而不是 US OneSEARCH。)

接下来,我们进行州犯罪历史搜索。理想情况下,州犯罪历史搜索将搜索给定州内的每个县,以确保未找到任何记录,但并非每个全州的法院行政办公室 (AOC) 都提供全面的县报告。好处类似于县犯罪历史搜索,有时除了深度之外还提供广度的好处,但这些搜索也可以通过两种方式受到政治的影响:首先,当搜索需求很高时,国家机构首先完成他们的搜索私人雇主必须等待——有时需要一周或更长时间。其次,将信息从县法院的记录(通常每天更新)转移到州的存储库需要付出努力。县必须提取数据并将其发送给州,它必须加载并测试它。当需求高或政客削减预算时,州记录可能落后于县记录。而且,虽然我们不知道原因,但有时我们会发现县级的记录在州级根本不存在。

基于此,您认为哪些是不可或缺的,您认为哪些只是重要的?从我们的角度来看,县犯罪历史搜索是必不可少的。它们在最有可能出现定罪的地方提供必要的深度信息。另一方面,州犯罪历史搜索往往成本更高,并且可能受政治影响,但它们可以提供更大的范围来覆盖那些不住在他们居住或工作所在州的县的人. 由于这些原因,我们将州犯罪历史搜索归类为“仅”重要。

犯罪历史搜索的最后一种类型是联邦犯罪历史搜索。许多人认为这只是国家犯罪数据库的另一种说法,或者是对美国所有县的搜索。实际上,这是完全不同的。下次我们将在我们的问答博文中研究最后一种犯罪历史搜索。

Let’s start with county criminal history searches. Knowing what we now do about criminal history databases, many of you are probably unsure why a county criminal history is necessary. There is a reason why we recommend that US OneSEARCH be run with a county criminal history search rather than as a standalone search. As stated previously, county criminal history searches are perfect for digging deep and getting every available detail in targeted areas. Most importantly, county criminal history searches are most likely to yield felony or misdemeanor charge results.

In addition, to ensure FCRA compliance, you should always run a jurisdictional search on any item discovered in a national criminal database. (To do this automatically, select US OneVERIFY instead of US OneSEARCH when ordering searches on backgroundchecks.com.)

Next, we have state criminal history searches. Ideally, a state criminal history search will search each county within a given state to ensure that no records are found, however not every statewide Administrative Office of the Courts (AOC) offers a comprehensive county reporting. The benefits are similar to county criminal history searches while sometimes offering the benefit of breadth in addition to depth, but these searches can also be affected by politics in two ways: First, when demand for searches is high, the state agencies get theirs done first and private employers have to wait – sometimes for a week or more. Second, it takes effort for information to move from the county court’s records (which are usually updated daily) to the state’s repository. The county has to extract the data and send it to the state, which has to load it and test it. When demand is high or politicians cut budgets, the state records can lag behind the county records. And, while we don’t know the reason, we sometimes find records at the county level that simply don’t exist at the state level.

Based on this, which would you say is indispensible and which would you say is just important? From our perspective, county criminal history searches are indispensible. They give the necessary depth of information in the place where convictions are most likely to appear. State criminal history searches, on the other hand, tend to be more costly and can be affected by politics, but they can offer a greater breadth to cover those people who don’t stay in the counties of a state in which they live or work. For these reasons, we categorize state criminal history searches as “merely” important.

The final type of criminal history search is a federal criminal history search. Many think this is either just another way of saying national criminal database or a search of all counties in the U.S. It is in fact something completely different. We’ll examine this last type of criminal history search next time in our question and answer blog posts.


电子屏_画板 1.png