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背景调查结果常见问题

交通罚单会显示在背景调查中吗?

这取决于。许多 CRA 将交通违规报告作为背景调查的一部分。除非雇主明确要求检查您的驾驶记录(因为他们可能会要求使用机动车辆的工作)。如果他们这样做了,就会出现超速罚单和其他驾驶违规行为。

DUI 是否会出现在背景调查中?

酒后驾驶 (DUI) 属于刑事犯罪,将在犯罪背景调查中报告。如果就业前背景筛查包括驾驶记录检查或机动车记录检查(MVR),DUI 定罪也可能出现在那里。

要了解有关 DUI 和背景调查的更多信息,请参阅DUI 和背景调查:对就业的意义。 

轻罪会出现在背景调查中吗?

犯罪背景调查可以包括轻罪刑事定罪,以及任何未决案件。轻罪是不太严重的罪行,通常会在当地监狱中被判处 15 天到一年的监禁,或者不包括任何监禁时间但可能包括罚款、缓刑和/或社区服务的刑罚。轻罪的例子包括破坏公物、擅自闯入、公开醉酒和行为不检。

逮捕是否出现在背景调查中?

只要案件的提交日期在联邦和州法律允许的最近七年内,未导致定罪的逮捕可能会出现在某些犯罪背景调查中。但是,GoodHire 将他们排除在筛选中以符合平等就业机会委员会(EEOC) 的指导方针。

超过七年的刑事定罪是否会出现在背景调查中?

在大多数州,他们这样做。但是,一些州限制发布超过 7 年(在某些情况下为 10 年)的记录。一些州还根据候选人将获得的薪水金额进行限制。例如,堪萨斯州限制发布超过七年的记录,除非候选人的年薪为 20,000 美元或更多。

认股权证会出现在背景调查中吗?

公开逮捕令(在执法部门提供犯罪嫌疑人犯罪证据时发出)和替补令(因未能出席预定的法庭程序而发出)通常不会作为背景调查的记录出现。但是,一旦执行令,它就会成为犯罪记录的一部分,并且它的存在可能会反映在犯罪背景调查中。 

被驳回的指控是否会出现在背景调查中?

导致解雇的案件可能会出现在某些犯罪背景调查中。有时,即使法院已经封存了案件记录,导致案件的逮捕也可能出现在犯罪背景调查中。联邦 EEOC 指南禁止仅以不会导致定罪的逮捕为由拒绝求职者。

背景调查中是否显示未决费用?

如果要求进行犯罪背景调查,可能会出现未决指控。但是,有些州禁止未决指控出现在背景调查中。肯塔基州禁止 CRA 报告未决费用。这适用于来自肯塔基州的所有记录,无论雇主或候选人位于何处。在密歇根州,雇主不能考虑未决的轻罪——只考虑未决的重罪。

限制令是否显示在背景调查中?

限制令(在某些州称为命令保护)被视为民事事项。它通常不会出现在犯罪背景调查中,除非作为脚注包含在犯罪记录的量刑部分中,但它可能会出现在一些就业前筛选人员使用的公共信息数据库和网站中。然而,违反这些命令属于刑事案件,围绕这些命令的逮捕和法庭案件将出现在犯罪背景调查中。

破产是否出现在背景调查中?

破产不会出现在犯罪背景调查的结果中,根据《公平信用报告法》(FCRA),一旦破产申请年满 10 岁,就不能在就业前筛查中报告破产申请。因为它们是公共记录的问题,所以破产通常很容易被发现。超过 10 年的文件可能会出现在不符合 FCRA 的背景调查中。

背景调查中是否会显示已删除或密封的记录?

当法院删除定罪或审判记录时,案件档案将被封锁,不让公众访问,被定罪的当事人或被告在被问及他们的犯罪历史时不必披露案件。在大多数就业前背景调查中,密封案件不符合披露条件。如果案件的解决和删除它的决定之间存在显着的时间延迟,则其记录可能会继续出现在犯罪背景数据库搜索中,直到记录更新以反映删除。涉及虐待儿童或其他弱势个人的已撤销定罪的存在可能会在 2 级背景调查中合法报告,但打开这些记录的详细信息通常需要法院命令。


Do traffic tickets show up on a background check?

It depends. Many CRAs report traffic infractions as part of the background check. However, GoodHire does not unless an employer specifically requests a check on your driving record (as they might for jobs that require use of motor vehicles). If they do, then speeding tickets and other driving infractions will appear.

Do DUIs show up on a background check?

Driving under the influence (DUI) is a criminal offense and will be reported on a criminal background check. If a pre-employment background screening includes a driving record check or motor vehicle record check (MVR), a DUI conviction is likely to appear there as well.

To learn more about DUIs and background checks, see DUIs & Background Checks: What It Means For Employment. 

Do misdemeanors show up on a background check?

A criminal background check can include misdemeanor criminal convictions, as well as any pending cases. Misdemeanors are less serious offenses which are typically subject to a potential prison sentence between 15 days and one year in a local prison, or a sentence that doesn’t include any jail time but may include fines, probation and/or community service. Examples of misdemeanors include vandalism, trespassing, public intoxication, and disorderly conduct.

Do arrests show up on a background check?

Arrests that did not lead to convictions may appear in some criminal background checks as long as the filing date of the case is within the last seven years, as allowed by federal and state law. However, GoodHire excludes them in its screenings to conform to Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) guidelines.

Do criminal convictions older than seven years show up on a background check?

In most states they do. Some states, though, restrict the release of records that are more than seven, or in some cases 10, years in the past. Some states also have restrictions based on the amount of salary the candidate will earn. Kansas, for instance, restricts the release of records more than seven years old unless the candidate’s salary will be $20,000 or more annually.

Do warrants show up on a background check?

Open arrest warrants (issued when law enforcement gives evidence that a suspect has committed a crime) and bench warrants (issued for failure to appear for a scheduled court proceeding) generally do not appear as records in background checks. However, once a warrant has been executed, it becomes part of the criminal record, and its existence may be reflected in a criminal background check. 

Do dismissed charges show up on a background check?

Cases resulting in dismissal may appear in some criminal background checks. Sometimes, even if the court has sealed case records, the arrest that led to the case may appear in a criminal background search. Federal EEOC guidelines forbid turning down job candidates on the sole basis of arrests that don’t lead to conviction. GoodHire excludes dismissed charges from its background check results.

Do pending charges show up on a background check?

If a criminal background check is requested, pending charges can show up. However, there are states that prohibit pending charges from showing up on background checks. Kentucky prohibits CRAs from reporting pending charges. This applies for all records that come from Kentucky, regardless of where the employer or candidate are located. In Michigan, employers cannot consider pending misdemeanors – only pending felonies.

Do restraining orders show up on a background check?

A restraining order (known as an order protection in some states) is considered a civil matter. It generally will not appear in a criminal background check, unless included as a footnote in the sentencing portion of a criminal record, but it may appear in public information databases and websites used by some pre-employment screeners. Violations of these orders are criminal matters, however, and arrests and court cases surrounding them will appear in criminal background checks.

Do bankruptcies show up on a background check?

Bankruptcies do not appear in results of criminal background checks, and under the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA), bankruptcy filings cannot be reported in pre-employment screenings once they are 10 years old. Because they are a matter of public record, bankruptcies are generally easy to discover. Filings more than 10 years old may appear in non-FCRA compliant background checks.

Do expunged or sealed records show up on a background check?

When a court expunges a conviction or trial record, the case files are sealed off from public access, and the convicted party or defendant does not have to disclose the case when asked about their criminal history. Sealed cases are not eligible for disclosure in most pre-employment background checks. If there is a significant time delay between the resolution of a case and the decision to expunge it, its records may continue to appear in criminal-background database searches until records are updated to reflect the expungement. The existence of expunged convictions that involve mistreatment of children or other vulnerable individuals may be legally reported in Level 2 background checks, though unsealing the details of those records typically requires a court order.


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