如果您是一名有犯罪记录的求职者，您可能会发现找到一个职位非常困难。尽管由于禁止盒子之类的趋势，已经大大推动了前罪犯更容易找到工作，但犯罪记录仍然是大多数雇主的考虑因素。据HR.com一个2017年的调查，雇主的97％进行至少一种就业前的背景screening-的县 和 国家犯罪记录检查 是最常见的。
与其寻找不进行背景调查的公司，不如寻找以雇用前罪犯而闻名的企业。有一些在线资源旨在帮助有犯罪记录的个人——尤其是那些有重罪定罪的人——找到工作。您还可以利用当地或州法律来提高您的就业机会：在禁止盒子政策的地区 或不允许雇主考虑逮捕记录的州 寻找工作 可能会给您带来更好的机会。
county and state criminal history checks are the most common.
If you are trying to find a job with no background check required, it can feel like searching for a needle in a haystack. Even among the small percent of jobs that don’t require a background check, there are no clearly-defined categories, industries, or positions for which you can find out ahead of time that you won’t be asked to consent to a background check.
Employers have their reasons for conducting background checks on most or all positions. In some cases, companies are required by federal, state, or industry regulations to conduct background checks. Usually, private employers are free to devise their own background check strategies.
Many industries have no laws requiring background screenings, which means that private companies can theoretically decide to offer positions on a “no background check required” basis. However, because of liability risks and the threat of negligent hiring lawsuits, most employers are not willing to take this risk. Running employee background checks is a method that organizations use to shield themselves against legal danger.
When professional licensing is involved—for positions from healthcare to education to real estate—you can often expect multiple background checks. You’ll go through a check at the licensing stage and another with a prospective employer.
Entry-level positions are the most likely to be “no background check required.” Retail businesses, restaurants (especially fast food), and other establishments that tend to see a lot of employee turnover fall into this category.
Keep in mind that there are never any guarantees. These types of businesses face the same risks for negligent hiring as any other. In other words, if you apply for a job with a fast food restaurant, the hiring manager may well ask you to submit to a background check.
Rather than looking for companies that don’t run background checks, look for businesses with a reputation for hiring ex-offenders. There are online resources designed to help individuals with criminal records—especially those with felony convictions—find jobs. You can also improve your chances at employment by using local or state laws to your advantage: seeking jobs in areas with ban the box policies or in states where employers aren’t allowed to consider arrest records may give you better odds.