药物测试是筛选安全敏感职位的重要组成部分。在受到药物或酒精影响的情况下从事这些工作会使员工和其他人面临伤害和严重伤害甚至死亡的风险。许多安全敏感职位要求个人通过 5 组尿液药物测试。该测试是美国交通部概述的标准，因此它是一个合理的起点。该测试筛选以下物质：
大麻 – THC
苯环利定 – PCP
其他药物面板也可用。如果您不受 DOT 或其他明确规定的法规的约束，您可以制定自己的药物检测标准。第三方背调 将与您一起确定满足您需求的协议。此外，您可以在不同时间要求进行药物测试，而不仅仅是在招聘之前。在法律允许的情况下，许多雇主选择如下药物测试：
One of the primary purposes for conducting background checks for employment purposes is safety. Regardless of the position for which you are hiring, employment background checks can help you protect your organization from fraud, violence, and crime. However, if you are hiring for safety-sensitive positions, background checks are critical and may be mandatory. The following takes a closer look at what constitutes a safety-sensitive position, and the role background screenings and drug tests play in maintaining important safety protocols.
What Constitutes a Safety-Sensitive Position?
Employees in safety-sensitive jobs are responsible for their own personal safety as well as the safety of others. Examples include:
While identifying safety-sensitive positions may seem obvious, it’s important to note that federal, state, and local laws and regulations often designate certain jobs as safety-sensitive, so it’s always wise to check the law.
Background Screenings and Safety
First and foremost, the employees you hire need to be qualified to do the work. Background checks will verify that your new hires have the education, credentials, and experience required for the job. But background screenings also uncover criminal records and other red flags that may disqualify candidates from safety-sensitive positions. Let’s look at a handful of examples that illustrate how both these functions relate to safety in your workplace.
Running a background check on a driver that includes driving history will confirm that the candidate has a valid driver’s license for the type of vehicle they will be operating. The background check will also reveal their driving history and if they have any serious moving traffic violations or DUIs on their record.
If you’re hiring healthcare providers, including physicians, nurses, medical assistants, or EMTs, you need to confirm that they have the requisite education and licenses. But that’s the bare minimum. Safety protocols may also require you to check to ensure that providers are not listed on any abuse registries, healthcare fraud watch lists, or other disciplinary action lists.
Heavy Equipment Operators
If your business hires folks to operate heavy equipment and machinery, background checks are important to making safe hires. Not only will you discover if the individual has the experience needed to do the job, checking past references and criminal records will reveal if there is a history of violence or other behavior that might put your organization at risk.
We’ve established the relationship between background checks and safety, but are there other benefits to an employee screening program? Employers who make background screenings part of their standard hiring procedures may enjoy several other benefits, including:
Fewer workplace safety incidents
Fewer penalties and fines for non-compliance with federal and state screening mandates
Lower liability costs for workplace accidents
Fewer lawsuits related to workplace safety or negligent hiring practices
Lower worker’s compensations costs
Higher workplace morale
The takeaway: Background checks are good for business.
The Role of Drug Testing
Drug testing is an important component of screening for safety-sensitive positions. Performing these jobs while impaired by drugs or alcohol places the employee as well as others at risk for harm and serious injury, potentially even death. Many safety-sensitive positions require an individual to pass a 5-panel urine drug test. This test is the standard outlined by the United States Department of Transportation, so it is a reasonable place to start. This test screens for the following substances:
Other drug panels are also available. If you aren’t subject to DOT or other specifically mandated regulations, you can develop your own drug-testing standards. Accurate will work with you to determine a protocol that will meet your needs. In addition, you can request drug tests at various times, not just prior to hiring. Many employers choose to drug test as follows, when permitted by law:
You may also find that other tests such as saliva tests or breathalyzers may be necessary to detect alcohol use, especially following workplace accidents. Talk to our drug testing team for more information.
A special note about marijuana:
Laws are continuing to evolve regarding the use of recreational marijuana. As a result, many employers are questioning the inclusion of marijuana and its metabolites in regular drug screens. However, it’s important to know that any marijuana use, even where it’s legal, may still be a problem for safety-sensitive positions. Consult the experts at Accurate and your own legal team about the best strategy for handling marijuana in your drug testing policies.
Again, the benefits of drug screening go far beyond safety.
A clear drug testing policy serves as an effective deterrent to non-sober applicants and to employees who wish to maintain their employment.
Drug tests provide proof of wrongdoing in the event of a workplace accident caused by mind-altering substances.
Workplaces that are free from substance abuse enjoy greater productivity and higher employee morale.